Lesson 18


LESSON 18 and 19(Stage II)



1. Preflight Orientation

2. Flight

3. Postflight Evaluation


During this lesson, the student will begin to develop proficiency in nonprecision instrument approach procedures and missed approach planning. The student will also become familiar with procedures for completing a circling approach and landing from a straight-in or circling approach.


Lesson Review

  • VOR Approaches
  • Front Course Localizer Approaches
  • Approach Procedures to Straight-In Landing Minimums
  • Missed Approach Procedures
  • Systems and Equipment Malfunctions

Lesson Introduction

  • NDB Approaches
  • Back Course Localizer Approach
  • Approach Procedures to Circling Landing Minimums
  • Landing From a Straight-In or Circling Approach Procedure


The student will maintain an altitude of +/-200 feet on the initial and intermediate approach segments. Onthe final approach segment the student should maintain heading +/-15 degrees, airspeed +/-15 knots, and an altitude that is not more than 100 feet above and 0 feet below the MDA.

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Warsaw Flying Club